Top Ten Canadian Tax Tips
January 4, 2014 (Updated) - David McConkey
Credit, Not a Deduction
Contributions can be made to many worthwhile
but only donations to registered charities qualify for an income tax
credit. Although they are often called “tax
they qualify for a non-refundable tax credit, not a deduction. For more
information, check the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Donations
and Gifts, which is Line 349 of the General
Income Tax and Benefit Guide.
In general, you can get a credit for all donations to registered
charities, up to 75% of your net income. In the year of death (and
going back one year), the limit is 100% of net income.
Payments for raffles, dinners, and other events are not usually
eligible for an income tax receipt. In the case of a payment for a
dinner or similar event, only the amount over and above the cost of the
dinner itself qualifies for the receipt. Participants at such events
should get a receipt for this amount.
Donations are calculated on Schedule
9, and then on Schedule 1 (Federal
Tax) and Form 428 (Provincial Tax).
From 2013 until 2017, there is an
additional credit for new donors: the First-Time
Donor’s Super Credit. This adds 25% to the rates used in the
calculation of the tax credit for up to $1,000 in donations.
The receipt should have the charity’s name and
number, date, serial number, amount donated, donor’s name,
signed on behalf of the organization.
The receipts also should have the website address of the Canada Revenue
Anyone can look up information on this website about charities in
general, or any specific registered charity.
If paper filing your income tax return, you need to include your
receipts. If electronically filing, save your receipts in case CRA asks
for them later.
To encourage donations, the federal and provincial
a two-tiered credit system. Add up all your donations. The amount up to
$200 qualifies for a tax credit at the lowest tax rate. The amount over
$200 qualifies for a credit at the highest tax rate.
When the federal and provincial programs are combined, taxpayers reduce
their taxes by about 25% of the total donated up to $200. (The exact
amount varies by province.)
For the amount over $200, the saving is about 45%, which again, varies
by province. Alberta provides an extra incentive; although its
highest tax rate is only 39%, the charitable credit is a generous
The CRA has a new handy feature, the Charitable
donation tax credit estimator, which will instantly calculate
your total tax credit, based on the amount of the donation and your
province of residence.
Because the credit is higher for the amount over $200, there is a
benefit to combining spouses (Tip # 4), and to carrying forward (Tip
Donations made by one spouse / common-law partner
can be claimed by
either one. To maximize the credit, all donations should be lumped
together. It does’t matter by which person, they can use the
credit as long as they pay taxes.
Some or all of your donations may be carried
forward for up to five
years. This should be done to take advantage of the higher credit over
$200. Also, donations made in years of low income or when other credits
are used (so no taxes would be paid anyway) should be carried forward.
Finally, any donations over the 75% net income limit should be carried
Many computer tax programs automatically suggest a carry forward when
no federal taxes are payable. Check if provincial taxes are still
payable; if so, override to include donations to reduce provincial
taxes also to zero.
Donations at Work
Remember to claim donations made through your
workplace; these are
recorded in Box 46 of the T4 slip from your employer.
As well, include donations made through pension or other income (Box 46
of T4A slips). Also, less commonly, through investment income on Box 48
of T3 slips, Box 103 of T5013 slips, and Box 13 of T5003 slips.
Donations of Stocks
New rules encourage the donation of publicly
traded securities (stocks, bonds, etc.)
that have appreciated in value. There is now no capital gains tax on
such gifts. This could be quite a benefit, as you get the tax credit on
the higher amount, but do not have to pay any tax on your gain. Check
with your charity about how to make such a gift. For more information,
and Income Tax, and Gifts
of Publicly Traded Shares and Stock Options, as well as Capital
A recent survey by Statistics Canada found that
almost everyone (94% of
those aged 15 and older) makes financial or in-kind charitable
donations. In-kind donations are commonly items such as clothing, toys,
household goods, or food. Other examples include valuable art or
CRA does allow a tax credit for gifts of property (but not for gifts of
services). In order to get a tax credit for in-kind donations, you must
have a receipt from the charity showing the “fair market
of the gift.
In general, don’t expect a receipt for donations of old
furniture, etc. You may be able to get a receipt for donating
valuable items. For anything worth more than $1,000, CRA usually
expects an independent appraisal. For more information, see the
and Income Tax, and Gifts
of Shares, Stock Options, and Other Capital Property, as well
Some people donate to charities with the
temptation of receiving credit
for more than they actually donated. Do not run the risk of having all
your donations disallowed. If it seems “too good to be
true,” it probably is. Give to give, not just for an inflated
There are special rules for donations of cultural
and ecological gifts,
and for artists who donate from their inventories. If you have
partnership income and receive a T5003, T5013, or T5013A
slip, then see Charitable
Donations and Gifts- Schedule 2.
For these situations
and for more information on the above tips, see the CRA
and Income Tax, and a list of other publications.
And, don't forget the new First-Time
Donor’s Super Credit.
Canada found that donors who plan ahead give more than others. Think
about a set amount of your income, regular monthly contributions, and
bequests in your will (your estate will get the tax credit in the year
You can donate easily to any of thousands of
charities through CanadaHelps.org,
itself a registered charity. They issue you a receipt and forward your
donation to the charity you specify, less a 3% transaction fee.
Keep receipts from donations made to political
parties separately. They qualify for a different income tax credit.
Check out Political
Contributions: Top Ten Canadian Tax Tips.
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